Google wants to see the web as a platform. Or, Web is the platform of the future. This is essential for the idea of Chromebooks to work. You should be able to do almost everything on Web. So, it should have some powerful backbones for this to happen. Chrome is hard at work to get these things moving.
These three videos explain where we are now and what the future has to offer. I am no developer to explain these to you. So if you are a developer, I will let you watch the video and use the comments form to enlighten us.
Read the Chromium blog post here.